- Opioid antagonist
- Once-monthly injectable
- Used with counseling
- Has no street value
- Requires detox
What is VIVITRol
VIVITROL is a prescription injectable medicine used to:
- Treat alcohol dependence. You should stop drinking before starting VIVITROL.
- Prevent relapse to opioid dependence, after opioid detoxification. You must stop taking opioids before you start receiving VIVITROL.
VIVITROL is an antagonist or blocking medication:
- Antagonists attach to opioid receptors, but do not cause the release of dopamine. They are non-addictive and do not lead to physical dependence. Antagonists create a barrier that blocks opioid molecules from attaching to opioid receptors. VIVITROL blocks opioid receptors in the brain for one month at a time, helping patients to prevent relapse to opioid dependence, following detox, while they focus on counseling. Patients must detox before starting Vivitrol.
- Vivitrol is not right for everyone. Discuss all benefits and risks with a doctor.
- Before starting Vivitrol, you must be opioid-free for a minimum of 7-14 days to avoid sudden opioid withdrawal.To be effective, VIVITROL must be used with other alcohol or drug recovery programs such as counseling.
- Kosten TR, George TP. The neurobiology of opioid dependence: implications for treatment | Sci Pract Perspect. 2002;1(1):13-20.
- VIVITROL [prescribing information]. Waltham, MA: Alkermes, Inc; rev December 2015.